Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is serious disorder occur as a result of clots formation within the deep veins. DVT most commonly occurs in the lower extremities (legs). Deep vein thrombosis is complicated by pulmonary embolism (PE), which can be life threatening if left untreated.
Often patients with DVT are asymptomatic, but if they have symptoms they may include:
DVT occurs as a result of a thrombus build up in the veins, and the development of a thrombus is related to one or more components of the Virchow triad, which include:
There are many factors that can increase the possibility of developing deep vein thrombosis, including:
The anticoagulant drugs (blood thinners) heparin and warfarin are used to prevent thromboembolic disorders, including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), by preventing the formation of new clots, but they do not dissolve the already existing clots.
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