PE is a total or partial occlusion of one or more pulmonary arteries, which often arising from deep vein thrombosis(DVT). PE is caused by embolization of a thrombus from leg or pelvic vein that enters the pulmonary artery circulation and blocks a vessel. Pulmonary embolism can be life threatening as it block the blood flow to the lungs. If PE is left untreated, it will lead to:
PE happens when a blood clot (thrombus) of a deep vein of leg (called deep vein thrombosis) detach and travel through the blood vessels to the lungs where it will cause a blockage of the pulmonary artery.
Blockage of the pulmonary artery may be caused by other substances other than blood clots, such as:
Sign and symptoms of PE include:
Pulmonary embolism may be treated using oral anticoagulation or thrombolytic.
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