Blood clotting or coagulation that’s known as thrombosis is an intravascular coagulation of blood that usually lead to interruption of blood flow.
Thrombosis can be defined as the process of formation of solid mass in circulation from the constituents of flowing blood; the mass itself is called a thrombus.
Embolus is a clot that break off and travel to another part of the body through blood vessels, this process is called embolism.
Thrombosis is mainly of 2 types:
The development of a Thrombus is related to one or more components of the Virchow triad, which include:
Venous thrombus is related to conditions that cause stasis of blood flow with increased concentrations of coagulation factors. Venous thrombosis may be caused by:
While arterial thrombus is associated with conditions that produce turbulent blood flow and platelet adherence.
High Risk for Thrombosis include:
The most common treatment used for mangment of thrombosis is by administration of an anticoagulant medication, specially:
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